We use the present continuous to talk about events which are in progress at the moment of speaking:
What time’s dinner?
I’mcookingnow so it’ll be ready in about half an hour.
She’spressing the button but nothing ishappening.
We use the present continuous to talk about temporary states which are true around the moment of speaking:
Her mother’sliving with her at the moment. She’s just come out of hospital.
Who’slooking after the children while you’re here?
Repeated temporary events
We use the present continuous to describe actions which are repeated or regular, but which we believe to be temporary:
I’m not drinking much coffee these days. I’mtrying to cut down.
She’sworking a lot in London at the moment. (She doesn’t usually work in London.)
We use the present continuous to talk about a gradual change:
They’rebuilding a new stand at the football ground.
Maria, 37, is getting better and doctors are optimistic she will make a full recovery.
Recent evidence suggests that the economic situation is improving.
Regular unplanned events
We often use the present continuous with words like always, constantly, continually and forever (adverbs of indefinite frequency) to describe events which are regular but not planned, and often not wanted:
My wife, she’salwaysthrowing things out. I like to keep everything.
Plans and arrangements
We use the present continuous to refer to the future when we talk about plans and arrangements that have already been made:
We’removing to Cambridge in July.
Sarah isn’ttaking Rory to football training later. She hasn’t got the car tonight.