Übersetzung von “by” — Englisch–Französisch Wörterbuch

by

prepositionby /baɪ/
indicates who did an action when used with a passive verb
par

products made by the Chinese
des produits fabriqués par les Chinois

a book by Al Gore
un livre d'Al Gore
near to
près de , à côté de

I saw it by the back door.
Je l'ai vu près de la porte arrière.
past
plus loin , au-delà

a car driving by us
une voiture nous dépassant
indicates how sth is done
par

sent by email
envoyé par email

traveling by plane/bus/car/train/boat
voyageant par avion / en bus/voiture/train / par bateau

You won't achieve anything by lying.
Tu n'arriveras à rien par le mensonge.

a path lit by moonlight
un chemin éclairé par le clair de lune
before or not later than
pour , avant

We'll be done by 6:00.
Nous aurons avant 6 h.

asleep by the time I got home
endormi avant que je ne sois rentré à la maison

They should be back by now.
A l'heure qu'il est, ils devraient déjà être là.
as a result of sth
causé/-ée par

death by drowning
mort causée par noyade
by accident/mistake
par accident/erreur

I dialed your number by mistake.
J'ai composé votre numéro par erreur.
indicates a measured amount, rate, etc.
de , à , par

The ball missed my head by half an inch.
La balle a manqué ma tête d'un centimètre.

I get paid by the hour.
Je suis payé à l'heure.

The room is 16' by 16'.
La pièce fait 5 mètres sur 5.
according to
d'après

By law, teenagers cannot drive at night.
D'après la loi, les jeunes ne peuvent pas conduire la nuit.

I knew by the look on mom's face.
Je l'ai su à l'expression du visage de maman.
indicates which part sb touches
par

She grabbed the boy by the hand.
Elle a saisi le garçon par la main.

to pick up the suitcase by the strap
soulever la valise par la sangle
by the way
indicates sth that may not be related to the conversation
au fait , à propos

By the way, have you seen Emily lately?
Au fait, avez-vous vu Emilie dernièrement ?
little by little/day by day etc.
indicates that sth happens gradually
petit à petit / jour après jour

Week by week she felt better.
Semaine après semaine, elle se sentait mieux.

by

adverbby /baɪ/
past
plus loin , au-delà

people walking by
des gens qui passent

A few minutes went by.
Quelques minutes se sont écoulées.
come/stop/go by
to visit for a short time
rendre visite , faire un saut , s'arrêter en passant

I went by my parents on the way home.
J'ai fait un saut chez mes parents sur le chemin du retour.

(Übersetzung von “by” aus dem GLOBAL English-French Dictionary © 2014 K Dictionaries Ltd)

by

preposition /bai/

next to; near; at the side of

(au)près de
She was standing by the door
He sat by his sister.

past

(en passant) devant
We drove by her house.

through; along; across

par
We came by the main road.

used (in the passive voice) to show the person or thing which performs an action

par
The car windscreen was struck by a stone.

using

par, en
He’s going to contact us by letter
We decided to travel by train.

from; through the means of

par
I met her by chance
She sent the parcel by post.

(of time) not later than

(…) au plus tard
We need to leave by 6 o’clock.

during the time of.

de

to the extent of

de
He is taller by ten centimetres.

used to give measurements etc

sur
The room measures 4 metres by 2 metres.

in quantities of

au/à la/aux
Fruit is sold by the kilo.

in respect of

de
Lisa is a teacher by profession.
bygones: let bygones be bygones

to forgive and forget past causes of ill-feeling.

il faut oublier le passé
bypass noun

a road which avoids an obstruction or a busy area

dérivation
Take the bypass round the city.
by-product noun

something obtained or formed during the making of something else

sous-produit
Coal tar is a by-product of the process of obtaining gas from coal.
bystander noun

a person who watches but does not take part.

spectateur/-trice
by and by

after a short time

(un peu) plus tard
By and by, everyone went home.
by and large

mostly; all things considered

à tout prendre
Things are going quite well, by and large.
by oneself

alone

tout(e) seul(e)
He was standing by himself at the bus-stop.

without anyone else’s help

tout(e) seul(e)
He did the job (all) by himself.
by the way

incidentally

à propos
By the way, do you have a moment to spare?
by is used for forms of transport: by train ; by aeroplane ; by land ; by sea

by

adverb

past

par là
A dog ran by.

aside; away

de côté
The money was put by for an emergency.

(Übersetzung von “by” aus dem PASSWORD English-French Dictionary © 2014 K Dictionaries Ltd)