Bedeutung von “penalty” im Essential American English Dictionary

penalty

noun us /ˈpen·əl·ti/ plural penalties

a punishment for doing something that is against a law or rule:

There’s a $50 penalty for late cancellation of tickets.

in sports, an advantage given to a team when the other team has broken a rule:

They won a penalty in the first five minutes of the game.

(Definition von “penalty” aus dem Webster's Essential Mini Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)