Bedeutung von "by" Essential English Dictionary

by

preposition uk /baɪ/

A2 used to show the person or thing that does something:

a painting by Van Gogh
The building had been destroyed by fire.

A2 through doing or using something:

I sent it by email.
We’ll get there by car.

A2 before a particular time or date:

Applications have to be in by the 31st.

B1 near or next to:

I’ll meet you by the post office.

holding a particular part of someone or something:

She grabbed me by the arm.

past:

He sped by me on a motorcycle.

used to show measurements or amounts:

twelve by ten feet of floor space
I’m paid by the hour.

(Definition von "by preposition" von Cambridge Essential Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)