Bedeutung von "break" - als Fremdsprache


verb uk us /breɪk/ (past tense broke, past participle broken)

A2 to separate into two or more pieces, or to make something separate into two or more pieces:

The vase fell on the floor and broke.
They had to break a window to get in.
break your arm/leg, etc

A2 to damage a bone in your arm/leg, etc:

Carolyn broke her leg in a skiing accident.

A2 If you break a machine, object, etc, or if it breaks, it stops working because it is damaged:

Who broke the video?
break an agreement/promise/rule, etc

B2 to not do what you should do according to an agreement/promise/rule, etc:

Police stopped him for breaking the speed limit.
break the law

B2 to do something illegal

break the news to sb

to tell someone about something unpleasant that has happened:

Who's going to break the news to his wife?
break the silence

B2 to make a noise, speak, etc and end a period of silence:

The silence was broken by a sudden knock at the door.
break a habit/routine, etc

to stop doing something that you usually do

break a record

B2 to do something faster, better, etc than anyone else:

He broke the world record for the 200m.
REST [ I, T ]

B1 to stop the activity you are doing to have a short rest:

Let's break for five minutes and have a drink.

If news or a story breaks, or if someone breaks it, it becomes known by the public for the first time.


If the weather breaks, it changes suddenly, and usually becomes worse.


When a boy's voice breaks, it becomes deeper and sounds like a man's voice.

WAVE [ I ]

When a wave breaks, it reaches its highest point as it moves towards the land, and then becomes flat and white.


If a storm breaks, it starts suddenly.

break free/loose

to suddenly escape or become separate from something:

The prisoner broke free while the guards weren't looking.
dawn/day breaks

When dawn (= early morning)/day breaks, the sky becomes lighter because the sun is rising:

Dawn was breaking and the birds were singing.
→ See also break new ground , break sb's heart , break the ice , break the mould , break ranks

(Definition von "break verb" von Cambridge Learner's Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)