Bedeutung von "know" - als Fremdsprache


verb uk us /nəʊ/ (past tense knew, past participle known)

A1 to have knowledge or information about something in your mind:

"How old is she?" "I don't know."
Andrew knows a lot about computers.
[ + question word ] Do you know where the station is?
[ + (that) ] He knew that she was lying.
Do your parents know you smoke?

B1 to be familiar with a person, place, or thing because you have met them, been there, used it, etc before:

I've known Tim since primary school.
I grew up in Brussels so I know it well.
Since moving to London, I've got to know (= become familiar with) some nice people.

A2 to be able to do something:

[ + question word ] Do you know how to ski?
I only know (= understand and speak) a little Spanish.
let sb know

A2 to tell someone something:

Let me know if you're going to the party.

to guess something correctly:

I knew she'd arrive late.
I should have known he wouldn't come.

to understand and agree with someone:

I know what you mean about Pete - I wouldn't trust him at all.
be known as sth

B1 to be called something:

California is also known as the Sunshine State.
have known sth

to have had experience of something:

I've never known the weather be so hot.
know better (than to do sth)

B2 to have the intelligence or judgment not to do something:

She should have known better than to eat so much. No wonder she feels sick now.
I know

B2 used when you agree with something someone has just said:

"It's a lovely day, isn't it?" "I know - let's hope it lasts."

B1 used when you have an idea:

I know - let's go to Helen's house.
you know

used to emphasize that someone does know what you are referring to:

You know, he's the one with curly hair.

B1 something that you say while you are thinking what to say next:

It's, you know, supposed to be a surprise.

B1 used to emphasize what you are saying:

I'm not an idiot, you know.
as far as I know

B2 used to say that you think something is true, but cannot be sure:

As far as I know, he's never been in prison.
you never know

B2 used to say that something could be possible although it does not seem likely:

You never know - you might win the lottery.
before you know it

very soon:

We'll be there before you know it.
→ See also know sth inside out , learn/know the ropes , know your stuff

(Definition von "know verb" von Cambridge Learner's Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)