Bedeutung von “penalize” — Learner’s Dictionary

penalize

verb [ T ] also UK -ise us uk /ˈpiːnəlaɪz/
CAUSE DISADVANTAGE

to cause someone a disadvantage:

The present tax system penalizes poor people.
PUNISH

to punish someone for breaking a law or a rule:

He was penalized early in the game for dangerous play.

(Definition von “penalize” aus dem Cambridge Learner's Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)