Bedeutung von “vigorous” — Learner’s Dictionary

vigorous

adjective us uk /ˈvɪɡərəs/
ENERGETIC

showing or needing a lot of physical energy:

vigorous exercise
FORCEFUL

showing strong, often negative, feelings about something:

a vigorous debate
He was a vigorous opponent of the government.
vigorously adverb

Bates vigorously denies (= strongly denies) murdering his wife.

(Definition von “vigorous” aus dem Cambridge Learner's Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)