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English definition of “go”

go

verb  /ɡoʊ/ (present tense goes, present participle going, past tense went  /went/, past participle gone  /ɡɔn, ɡɑn/) us  

go verb (TRAVEL)

[I] to move or travel to another place: Let’s go home now. Are you going away for your vacation? He’s going to his country house for the weekend. We don’t go to the movies much. You go on (ahead) and I’ll be along in a minute. Are you planning to go by car or are you flying? The payroll checks went out (= were sent) a week later than usual. I’m just going over (= making a visit) to Pete’s for half an hour. My son is planning to go into (= get a job in) journalism. Where did my keys go (= I can’t find them)? A considerable amount of money and effort has gone into (= been used in preparing) this exhibition. go back To go back is to return: When do you go back to school? go back To go back is also to have existed since some time in the past: Their friendship goes back to when they were in college together. go up (also go down) To go up or go down is to increase or be reduced: My rent is going up 6% this year. go for To be going or to go for a particular activity is to move to the place of the activity or to begin to do it: to go for a walk/swim Why don’t we go for a drive (= have a ride in a car)? We’re going shopping at the mall. [I] To have gone to do a particular activity is to have left to do it and not yet returned: They’ve gone sailing on the lake.

go verb (MOVE TOWARD)

[I] to be or continue moving, esp. in a particular way or direction: We were going (at) about 65 miles an hour. I had a wonderful weekend but it went awfully quickly. If you take the bus, you go over the bridge, but the train goes through the tunnel. There’s still three months to go before he has surgery, but he’s already nervous about it. The flu is going around right now (= It’s moving from person to person). I was going up/down the stairs when the phone rang. He went up to her (= approached her) and asked for her autograph. On summer evenings we often sat on the porch and watched the sun go down. go by To go by is to move past or beyond: We sat on the shore and watched the sailboats go by. Several months went by, and still he had no word from her.

go verb (LEAVE)

[I] to leave a place, esp. in order to travel to somewhere else: It’s time to go. Please close the door when you go. She wasn’t feeling well, so she went home early (= left early to go home). She’s gone off with my umbrella (= She took it by accident). I always go out (= leave my home and travel to another place, esp. for entertainment) on Saturday night. [I] If something is gone, none of it is left: I can’t believe the milk is gone already.

go verb (LEAD)

[I always + adv/prep] (of a road, path, etc.) to lead in a particular direction: Does I-70 go to Denver? [I always + adv/prep] If something goes a particular length, it is that long: The well goes down at least 30 feet.

go verb (BECOME)

to become or be in a certain condition: [L] Her father is going blind. [L] If anything goes wrong, you can call our emergency hotline. [L] Because of lack of evidence, the police were forced to let him go free. [I] If you keep applying ice, the swelling will go down (= become smaller). [I] The computer went down (= stopped operating) twice last week. [I] The electricity suddenly went off (= stopped operating). [I] One of these days I’ll have to go on a diet (= start to be on one). [I] I was so exhausted I went to sleep (= started sleeping) immediately. [I] It was feared for a while that the two countries would go to war (= start to fight a war) over this dispute. [I] It wasn’t a bad hospital, as hospitals go (= compared with the usual standard of hospitals), but I still hated being there.

go verb (CHANGE)

[I always + adv/prep] to do something to cause a change or create a new condition: I’d love to come to dinner, but I don’t want you to go to any trouble (= do a lot of work).

go verb (WEAKEN)

[I] to become weak or damaged, esp. from use, or to stop working: Her hearing is starting to go, but otherwise she’s in good shape.

go verb (START)

[I] to start doing or using something: I’ll just connect the printer to the computer and we’ll be ready to go.

go verb (OPERATE)

[I] to operate: My watch was going fine up until a few minutes ago, but then it stopped running.

go verb (MAKE SOUND)

[I/T] to produce a noise: [I] Somebody’s car alarm went off at 3 in the morning and woke me up.

go verb (MOVE BODY)

[I always + adv/prep] to move a part of the body in a particular way or in the way that is shown: Try making your foot go backwards and forwards.

go verb (DIVIDE)

[I] (of a number) to fit into another number, esp. resulting in a whole number: Three goes into 12 four times.

go verb (BE SITUATED)

[I always + adv/prep] to belong in a particular place, esp. as the usual place: Tell the moving men that the sofa goes against that wall.

go verb (HAPPEN)

[I always + adv/prep] to happen or develop: The doctor said the operation went well. What’s going on here (= Explain what is happening)? [I always + adv/prep] If people have something going for them, that thing causes them to have a lot of advantages and to be successful: They’ve got a happy marriage, great careers, and wonderful children – in fact they’ve got everything going for them.

go verb (BE SOLD)

[I] to be sold or be available: The painting is expected to go for at least a million dollars.

go verb (BE EXPRESSED)

[I] to be expressed, sung, or played: I can never remember how that song goes.

go verb (BE SUITABLE)

[I] to be acceptable or suitable: Do you think my new brown scarf goes with my black coat?

go verb (BE KNOWN)

[I always + adv/prep] to be known by a particular name: He went under the name of Platt, but that was not his real name.

go verb (DEPEND ON)

[I always + adv/prep] to have an opinion, decision, or judgment depend on something: There were no witnesses to the crime, and so far the police don’t have much to go on.

go verb (BE FINAL)

[I] to be final; not to be questioned: In my parentsday, nobody ever argued with their father – whatever he said went.

go verb (PLAY)

[I] to do something at a particular time or in a particular order, before or after other people; have a turn: Who goes next?
going
noun [U]  /ˈɡoʊ·ɪŋ/ us  
It was slow going because of ice on the roads.
going
noun [C]  /ˈɡoʊ·ɪŋ/ us  
There were a lot of comings and goings at the apartment next door.

go

noun [U]  /ɡoʊ/ us  

go noun [U] (ENERGY)

the condition of being energetic and active
(Definition of go from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
What is the pronunciation of go?
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