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English definition of “grate”

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grate

noun [C]  /ɡreɪt/ us  

grate noun [C] (METAL STRUCTURE)

a structure made of iron bars for holding wood or other fuel, esp. in a fireplace A grate is also a structure of metal bars that covers an opening: They have grates across every window.

grate

verb  /ɡreɪt/ us  

grate verb (RUB TOGETHER)

[I] (of two hard objects) to rub together, often making an unpleasant sound, or to make an unpleasant sound of this kind: The trolley’s wheels grated horribly as it went around the curve.

grate verb (ANNOY)

[I] to have an annoying or painful effect: His constant whining for attention is beginning to grate on my nerves.

grate verb (COOKING)

[T] to rub food against the rough surface of a metal device having holes through which small pieces of the food fall as they break off: Would you grate the cheese? Add the grated carrots to the salad.
(Definition of grate from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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