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English definition of “incumbent”

incumbent

noun [C]  /ɪnˈkʌm·bənt/ us  

incumbent noun [C] (PERSON)

politics & government (referring to the present time) a person who has a particular office or position, esp. an elected one: Senator Smith, the incumbent, faces a tough fight for reelection next year.

incumbent

adjective  /ɪnˈkʌm·bənt/ fml us  

incumbent adjective (NECESSARY)

necessary: [+ to infinitive] It is incumbent upon (= necessary for) all of us to create a safe community.
(Definition of incumbent from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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