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English definition of “last”

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last

noun [U]  /læst/ us  

last noun [U] (FINAL)

the person or thing after everyone or everything else: Heather was the last to go to bed and the first to get up.

last noun [U] (NO MORE)

the only one or part that is left: Mark ate the last of the ice cream.

last noun [U] (MOST RECENT)

the most recent, or the one before the present one: We had lunch together the week/month before last (= two weeks/months ago). The last we heard, she was teaching English overseas. Each of her novels seems better than the last.

last

adjective [not gradable]  /læst/ us  

last adjective [not gradable] (NOT DESIRABLE)

being the least desirable or least likely: Traveling across the country with two small children is the last thing I want to do.

last

verb  /læst/ us  

last verb (CONTINUE)

to continue for a period of time, or to continue to exist: [I] The tour lasts about an hour. [I] She’s into soccer at the moment, but it won’t last. To last is also to continue in a situation although it is difficult: [L] Her previous secretary only lasted a month. To last is also to continue to work well or stay in good condition: [I] I’d rather pay a little more and buy clothing that’s going to last.

last

adjective, adverb [not gradable]  /læst/ us  

last adjective, adverb [not gradable] (FINAL)

(coming) after everyone or everything else: In math tests, American students came in last (= ranked the lowest). He was last in line for tickets. Our house is the last one on the left. Despite recent wins, the team is still in last place (= lowest in rank among it competitors).

last adjective, adverb [not gradable] (MOST RECENT)

most recent, or most recently: last night/week/month/year last spring/summer/fall/winter These last five years have been very difficult for him. Kristal said in her last letter that she might come to visit. When was the last time you went to the movies? We last saw Grandma in 1994.
(Definition of last noun, adjective, verb, adjective, adverb from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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