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English definition of “lead”

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lead

verb  /lid/ ( past tense and past participle led  /led/) us  

lead verb (CONTROL)

[T] to manage or control a group of people; to be the person who makes decisions that other people choose to follow or obey: Her sister is leading an effort to change this law. I’ve asked George to lead the discussion.

lead verb (SHOW WAY)

[I/T] to show the way to someone or something, esp. by going first: [T] She led the children along the path out of the forest. [T] That research group leads the way in the development of new software. [T] Just follow the signs and they will lead you to the exit. [I/T] If something such as a road or sign leads somewhere, it goes toward something else or shows you how to get to a particular place: [I] A flight of narrow stairs leads to the kitchen.

lead verb (CAUSE)

[I/T] to prepare the way for something to happen; cause: [I] Ten years of scientific research led to the development of the new drug. [T] Discussions with lawyers led him to believe that the company would not sue him.

lead verb (BE FIRST)

[I/T] (esp. in sports or other competitions) to be in front, be first, or be winning: [I/T] With only three minutes to go in the football game, New Orleans led (Dallas), 24 to 21.

lead verb (LIVE)

[T] to live a particular type of life: She retired to Florida and still leads a busy life.

lead

noun  /lid/ us  

lead noun (ANIMAL)

[C] a leash

lead noun (BE FIRST)

[U] A lead is also the amount or distance by which someone is in front: After five games, she was still ahead by a point in the chess tournament, but her lead was shrinking.

lead noun (SHOW WAY)

[C] a piece of information that allows a discovery to be made or a solution to be found: The lead the detectives were following led to several arrests.
(Definition of lead verb, noun from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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