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English definition of “over”

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over

preposition  /ˈoʊ·vər/ us  

over preposition (ABOVE)

in, to, on, or at a position above or higher than something else, sometimes so that one thing covers the other; above: The sign over the door said, "Private." He put a sweater on over his shirt. The horse jumped over the fence. I couldn’t hear what she said over the sound of the music (= The music was louder than her voice).

over preposition (ACROSS)

across from one side to the other, esp. by going up and then down: Once we get over the bridge we’ll stop for lunch. She tripped over the rug. The car went over the cliff (= across the edge of it). Over also means on the other side of: Their house is just over the river.

over preposition (MORE THAN)

more than: Most of these rugs cost over $1000. Children over 12 (= older than 12) pay full price. If someone or something goes over a limit or point, it increases beyond it: Construction costs are already $25 million over budget.

over preposition (CALCULATE)

mathematics infml divided by

over preposition (USING)

using a device such as a telephone: They spoke over the phone. We transfer files over the Internet.

over preposition (DURING)

during a period of time, or while doing something: She made a lot of changes over the past six months. Can we discuss this over lunch?

over preposition (AUTHORITY)

greater in authority, power, or position than: Parents want to have control over their children.

over preposition (ABOUT)

about or connected with: There’s no point in arguing over this.

over preposition (FINISHED)

(esp. of illness) no longer suffering from: Is he over the flu yet? His wife died last year and he’s still not over it.

over

adverb [not gradable]  /ˈoʊ·vər/ us  

over adverb [not gradable] (DOWN)

from a higher to a lower position; down: The little boy fell over and started to cry.

over adverb [not gradable] (AGAIN)

again or repeatedly: You’ve ruined it – now I’ll have to do it over.

over adverb [not gradable] (ACROSS)

Over also describes the way an object moves or is moved so that a different part of it is facing up: The dog rolled over onto its back.

over

adjective [not gradable]  /ˈoʊ·vər/ us  

over adjective [not gradable] (FINISHED)

(esp. of an event) finished, completed, or ended: I’ll be glad when the meeting is over. The game was over by 5 o’clock. I'm worried about the test, but at least it will be all over (= completely finished)in an hour.
(Definition of over preposition, adverb, adjective from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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