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English definition of “overtake”

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overtake

verb [T]  /ˌoʊ·vərˈteɪk/ ( past tense overtook  /ˌoʊ·vərˈtʊk/, past participle overtaken  /ˌoʊ·vərˈteɪ·kən/) us  

overtake verb [T] (GO PAST)

to go beyond something by being a greater amount or degree, or to come from behind and move in front of: In the 1500-meter race, he finished with a late rush to overtake Barbosa in 1 minute, 44.84 seconds. The Bruins got within three points late in the game but just couldn’t overtake the Cowboys.

overtake verb [T] (HAPPEN)

(esp. of unpleasant emotions or events) to happen suddenly and unexpectedly: The family was overtaken by tragedy several years ago.
(Definition of overtake from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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