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English definition of “scratch”

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scratch

verb [I/T]  /skrætʃ/ us  

scratch verb [I/T] (CUT)

to cut or damage a surface with something sharp or rough, or to rub a part of your body with something sharp or rough: [T] He used a penknife to scratch his initials into the bark of the tree. [I] You can hold the cat – she won’t scratch. If you scratch your skin, you rub it with the nails of your fingers: [T] I know they itch, but don’t scratch your mosquito bites.

scratch verb [I/T] (REMOVE)

to remove yourself or another person or an animal from a competition before the start: [I] Mary Slaney scratched from the 1500-meter run because of an Achilles tendon problem. To scratch is also to decide not to do something that you had planned to do; to cancel : [T] We were going to remodel our kitchen, but we had to scratch that when I lost my job.

scratch

noun [C]  /skrætʃ/ us  
a cut or mark that is made in a surface with something sharp or rough: Tiny particles of car wax fill in the little scratches on the car.
(Definition of scratch from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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