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English definition of “shake”

shake

verb  /ʃeɪk/ (past tense shook  /ʃʊk/, past participle shaken  /ˈʃeɪ·kən/) us  

shake verb (MOVE)

[I/T] to move something backward and forward or up and down in quick, short movements: [T] Shake the can. [T] She shook Dana gently. [T] Cory shook some powdered sugar on her French toast. [I] The explosion made the ground shake. [M] Lily shook her long hair out (= moved her hair to make it fall loosely around her shoulders). [M] She shook out the tablecloth (= shook it so anything on it fell off). [I/T] If you or part of your body shakes, you make quick, short movements, or you feel as if you are doing this, because you are cold, frightened, or upset: [I] She was soaking wet and shaking when she when she finally got home. [I] Her hands shook as she opened the letter. [I/T] If someone’s voice shakes, its sound frequently changes because of fear or other emotions. shake your fist If you shake your fist, you hold your hand up with your fingers and thumb closed and move it backward and forward to show you are angry: They stood at the gate, shaking their fists and shouting. shake hands If two people shake hands, they greet or say goodbye by briefly joining hands and moving them slightly up and down: We shook hands and left. shake your head If you shake your head, you move it from side to side to say "no" or show disagreement, sympathy, sadness, or that you do not believe something: Frank shook his head in disbelief. My dad shook his head, "No, you can't go."

shake verb (UPSET)

[T] to cause someone to feel upset and troubled: Juanita was shaken and tried not to cry. The instructor was shaken by the angry e-mails she received.

shake verb (WEAKEN)

[T] to make someone’s beliefs less certain or strong; to weaken: Nothing shook her conviction that there was no substitute for hard work. The defense failed to shake Powell’s testimony.

shake verb (GET RID OF)

[T] to get rid of something, or escape from something: He couldn’t shake the feeling that Tony had another motive. I’ve had this cold all week and just can’t seem to shake it.

shake

noun [C]  /ʃeɪk/ us  

shake noun [C] (MOVEMENT)

the act of moving something backward and forward or up and down in quick, short movements: Give the bottle a shake. Maria answered no with a shake of her head. infml A shake is a milkshake. the shakes infml The shakes is a condition in which most or all of your body moves slightly from cold, fear, or illness: Just thinking about the upcoming interview gave him the shakes.
(Definition of shake from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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