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English definition of “shake”

shake

verb [I/T] (MOVE)   /ʃeɪk/ (past tense shook  /ʃʊk/, past participle shaken  /ˈʃeɪ·kən/)
to move something backward and forward or up and down in quick , short movements : [T] Shake the can. [T] She shook Dana gently . [T] Cory shook some powdered sugar on her French toast . [I] The explosion made the ground shake. [M] Lily shook her long hair out (= moved her hair to make it fall loosely around her shoulders ). [M] She shook out the tablecloth (= shook it so anything on it fell off). If you or part of your body shakes, you make quick , short movements , or you feel as if you are doing this, because you are cold , frightened , or upset : [I] She was soaking wet and shaking when she when she finally got home . [I] Her hands shook as she opened the letter . If someone’s voice shakes, its sound frequently changes because of fear or other emotions . shake your fist If you shake your fist , you hold your hand up with your fingers and thumb closed and move it backward and forward to show you are angry : They stood at the gate , shaking their fists and shouting . shake hands If two people shake hands , they greet or say goodbye by briefly joining hands and moving them slightly up and down: We shook hands and left . shake your head If you shake your head , you move it from side to side to say "no" or show disagreement , sympathy , sadness , or that you do not believe something: Frank shook his head in disbelief . My dad shook his head , "No, you can't go."
(Definition of shake verb (MOVE) from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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