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English definition of “surplus”

surplus

noun [C]    /ˈsɜrˌplʌs, -pləs/
an amount that is more than is needed : The world is now producing large food surpluses. The government is forecasting a budget surplus this year (= all the money available to be spent will not be spent ). A surplus is also the amount of money you have left when you sell more than you buy : a trade surplus surplus    /ˈsɜr·plʌs, -pləs/ adjective [not gradable] Farmers are feeding their surplus wheat to pigs .
(Definition of surplus noun from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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