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English definition of “surround”

surround

verb [T]  /səˈrɑʊnd/ us  
to be around something on all sides: Snow-capped mountains surround the city. The house was surrounded by dense woods. To surround something also means to have to do with it or to result from it: I’m interested in the circumstances surrounding the accident. The controversy that surrounded the police action led to a number of investigations.
surrounding
adjective [not gradable]  /səˈrɑʊn·dɪŋ/ us  
Hundreds of people fled from the city and are now living in the surrounding countryside.
(Definition of surround from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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