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English definition of “turn”

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turn

verb  /tɜrn/ us  

turn verb (GO AROUND)

[I/T] to move or cause something to move in a circle around a central point or line: [I] The earth turns on its axis once every 24 hours. [T] She turned the doorknob and opened the door.

turn verb (CHANGE DIRECTION)

[I/T] to change the direction in which you are facing or moving, or to cause someone or something to face or move in a different direction: [I] They told us to turn right at the first traffic light. [T] Turn your head this way so that you’re looking right at the camera. [I] I turned to the person next to me and asked her what time it was. [T] The car turned (= went around) the corner. [I] fig. He felt desperate and didn’t know where to turn for help. [I] I turned over (= changed how I was lying) and tried to sleep, but quickly gave up. [I/T] If you turn something or turn something over, you place the surface that was on top on the bottom: [T] He turned the pages of a magazine. [M] She turned the baby over onto his stomach.

turn verb (BECOME)

to become or cause to become, change, or come to be: [L] The weather suddenly turned colder, and it started to rain. [I] By mid-September, the leaves are starting to turn (= change color). You say that someone turns a particular color when strong emotion or illness causes that person’s face to appear red, gray, yellow, etc: [L] He turned red with embarrassment. Turn is used with times and ages to show that a particular point has been reached or passed: [L] My little girl just turned six in February.

turn verb (SWITCH)

[always + adv/prep] to use a control to switch a piece of equipment on or off, or to adjust it to change the amount of what it is producing: [M] Please turn off/out the lights when you leave. [M] Who turned my computer on/off? [M] Turn the TV down (= make the sound quieter) – it’s too loud. [M] Turn up the volume – I can’t hear what they’re saying.

turn verb (TWIST)

[T] to damage the muscles in the foot by suddenly bending it too strongly: to turn your ankle

turn verb (MAKE ILL)

[I/T] to feel that you are going to vomit, or to cause your stomach to feel this way: [I/T] The stench made my stomach turn.

turn

noun [C]  /tɜrn/ us  

turn noun [C] (OPPORTUNITY)

an opportunity or a duty to do something at a particular time or in a particular order, before or after other people: [+ to infinitive] It’s your turn to do the grocery shopping.

turn noun [C] (CHANGING DIRECTION)

a change in the direction in which you are moving or facing: Make a left turn at the next traffic light.

turn noun [C] (GOING AROUND)

the act of causing something to move in a circle around a fixed point: This little wheel will shut off the water if you give it several turns.
(Definition of turn from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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