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English definition of “burn”

burn

verb uk   /bɜːn/ us    /bɝːn/ (burnt or burned, burnt or burned)

burn verb (DAMAGE)

B1 [I or T] to be hurt, damaged, or destroyed by fire or extreme heat, or to cause this to happen: He was badly burned in the blaze. She burned his old love letters. The brandy burned (= felt too hot on) my throat. On her first day in the Caribbean Josie was badly burned (= her skin became red and painful from too much sun). Fair-skinned people burn easily in the sun. Unable to escape, six people were burned alive/burned to death (= died by burning) in the building. The vegetables were burned to a crisp (= badly burned).Burning, burnt and on fire [T always passive] to cause emotional pain or damage to someoneMaking people sad, shocked and upset burn sb at the stake to kill someone by tying the person to a post and burning them Death penalties burn sth to the ground to completely destroy a building by fire: The building was burned to the ground ten years ago.Burning, burnt and on fire

burn verb (PRODUCE FLAMES)

B1 [I] to be on fire, or to produce flames: The wood was wet and would not burn. Helplessly we watched our house burning. A fire was burning brightly in the fireplace.Burning, burnt and on fire

burn verb (PRODUCE LIGHT)

[I] to produce light: I saw a light burning in her window.Emitting and casting light

burn verb (FEEL HOT)

[I] If your face burns, it feels very hot: His face burned with embarrassment/shame/anger.Hot and heatSultriness and humidity

burn verb (WANT)

[+ to infinitive] to want to do something very much: She was burning to tell us her news.Wanting thingsHoping and hopefulness

burn verb (COPY)

B2 [T] to copy information, recorded music, images, etc. onto a CD: Burn your favourite songs or your important files onto CDs.Copying and copiesForgery

burn

noun [C] uk   /bɜːn/ us    /bɝːn/

burn noun [C] (DAMAGE)

a place where fire or heat has hurt or damaged something: One rescue worker caught in the explosion sustained severe burns. I noticed a cigarette burn in the carpet. Burning, burnt and on fire

burn noun [C] (STREAM)

Scottish English a small streamWatercourses and waterfalls
(Definition of burn from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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