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English definition of “case”

case

noun (PROBLEM)    /keɪs/
B2 [C] a problem, a series of events or a person being dealt with by police, doctors, lawyers, etc.: Several social workers have looked into the child's case. The detective on the case (= responsible for solving it) has been suspended from duty. When he first went for treatment at the hospital he seemed to be a hopeless case (= a person who could not be cured).People who receive medical treatmentCourt cases, orders and decisionsRelating to detection and solving crimes B2 [C] a matter to be decided by a judge in a law court: a murder case The case will go before the European Court next month. She accused her employer of unlawful dismissal and won/lost her case.Court cases, orders and decisions
(Definition of case noun (PROBLEM) from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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