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English definition of “clause”

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clause

noun [C] uk   /klɔːz/ us    /klɑːz/

clause noun [C] (LEGAL DOCUMENT)

law a particular part of a written legal document, for example a law passed by Parliament or a contract (= an agreement): They have added/deleted/amended a clause in the contract which says the company can make people redundant for economic reasons. Clause 4 of the constitution is thought to be the most important section.
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clause noun [C] (GRAMMAR)

B2 specialized language a group of words, consisting of a subject and a finite form of a verb: In the sentence "I can't cook very well but I make qu ite good pancakes", both "I can't cook very well" and "I make good pancakes" are main/independent clauses (= they are of equal importance and could each exist as a separate sentence). In the sentence "I'll get you some stamps if I go to town", "if I go to town" is a subordinate/dependent clause (= it is not as important as the main part of the sentence and could not exist as a separate sentence).
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Grammar
(Definition of clause from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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