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English definition of “contraction”

contraction

noun [U] uk   /kənˈtræk.ʃən/ us  

contraction noun [U] (REDUCTION)

the fact of something becoming smaller or shorter: Cold causes contraction of the metal. The contraction of this muscle raises the lower arm.Becoming and making smaller or lessBecoming and making less strong

contraction noun [U] (MUSCLE)

[C] one of the very strong and usually painful movements of the muscles in the womb that help to push the baby out of the mother's body during the process of birth: She was having regular strong contractions every four minutes.BirthPregnancy

contraction noun [U] (WORD)

[C] a short form of a word or combination of words that is often used instead of the full form in spoken English: "Won't" is a contraction of "will not".Morphology and parts of words
(Definition of contraction from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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