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English definition of “down”


adverb uk   /daʊn/ us  

down adverb (LOWER POSITION)

A2 in or towards a low or lower position, from a higher one: Is this lift going down? Don't look down! You'll get dizzy. The sun's going down and it'll be dark soon. The space capsule came down in the ocean. I bent down to look under the bed.Down and downwardMoving downwards A1 moving from above and onto a surface: Just as I was sitting down to watch TV, the phone rang. Why don't you lie down on the sofa for a while? This box is really heavy - can we put it down (on the floor) for a minute? Get down off that table immediately, you silly girl! The terrorists forced everybody to lie face down (= with the front part of the body below) on the floor.Down and downwardMoving downwards firmly in place or into position: I put the loose floorboard back and nailed it down. He held my arms down by my sides.Down and downwardMoving downwards

down adverb (LOWER LEVEL)

in or towards a lower level, a smaller amount, or a simpler state: The rate of inflation is finally going down. Turn the TV down - it's way too loud! The nurse bandaged my sprained ankle to keep the swelling down (= to limit the swelling). If you wait a few months, the price will come down. Milan were three goals down (= losing by three goals) at half-time. The number of students at this school has gone down from 500 last year to 410.Small in number and quantity

down adverb (DESTROY)

If you burn, cut, or knock something or someone down, you cause it or them to fall to the ground, usually damaged, destroyed, or injured: The house burned down many years ago. These trees will have to be cut down to make way for the new road.UK She was knocked down by a car and killed instantly.Down and downwardMoving downwards

down adverb (IN WRITING)

B1 in writing or on paper: I'll write it down now so I won't forget. Do you have it down in writing/on paper, or was it just a verbal agreement? I've got/put you down for (= have written that you want) three tickets each. The police officers were taking down the names of witnesses.Writing and typing

down adverb (FAR)

B1 used, especially with prepositions, to emphasize that a place is far from you or from somewhere considered to be central: I'll meet you down at the club after work. He has a house down by the harbour. I'm going down to the shop to buy some milk.Distant in space and time in or towards the south: Things are much more expensive down (in the) south. My parents live down in Florida, but they come up to Chicago every summer. We're moving down to London.Down and downwardMoving downwards

down adverb (OLDER TO YOUNGER)

from an older person to a younger one: The necklace has been passed/handed down through seven generations. These myths have come down to us from prehistoric times.Down and downwardMoving downwards

down adverb (EATING)

inside your stomach: You'll feel better once you've got some hot soup down you. He's getting weak because he can't keep anything down.The digestive system

down adverb (MONEY)

at the time of buying: I gave him £1,000 down, and paid the rest in instalments.Paying and spending money


preposition uk   /daʊn/ us  

down preposition (LOWER POSITION)

A2 in or towards a low or lower position, from a higher one: I slid down the hill. Aikiko fell down some stairs and broke her wrist.Down and downwardMoving downwards

down preposition (ALONG)

A2 along: We drove down the motorway as far as Bristol. Her office is down the corridor on the right. They sailed the boat down the river (= towards the sea).Down and downwardMoving downwards

down preposition (TO)

UK not standard to: I went down the pub with my mates. Down and downwardMoving downwards


verb [T] uk   /daʊn/ us  

down verb [T] (LOWER POSITION)

to cause something or someone to fall to the ground: We downed three enemy planes with our missiles. The ice storm has downed trees and power lines all over the region.Down and downwardMoving downwards

down verb [T] (EAT)

to eat or drink something quickly: He'd downed four beers before I'd finished one.DrinkingEatingBiting, chewing and swallowing

down verb [T] (DEFEAT)

US to defeat someone, especially in sport: The Yankees downed the Red Sox 7–0.Scoring, winning and losing in sportWinning and defeatingLosing and being defeatedWinning and defeatingScoring, winning and losing in sport


adjective uk   /daʊn/ us  

down adjective (UNHAPPY)

B2 unhappy; unable to feel excited or energetic about anything: She's been really down since her husband left. I've been (feeling) a bit down this week.Feeling sad and unhappy

down adjective (NOT IN OPERATION)

C1 [after verb] (of a system or machine, especially a computer) not in operation or not working, usually only for a limited period of time: The network will be down for an hour for routine maintenance. The whole system's gone down.
See also
Computer conceptsNot functioning


noun uk   /daʊn/ us  

down noun (FEATHERS)

[U] small soft feathers, especially those from a young bird: goose/duck down a down jacket/pillow/sleeping bag (= a jacket/pillow/sleeping bag filled with down)The skin, hair and bone of non-human animals [S or U] very soft thin hairHair

down noun (DISLIKE)

have a down on sb UK informal to dislike someone, often unfairly: Why do you have a down on him? I think he seems really nice.
See also
Not liking
(Definition of down adverb, preposition, verb, adjective, noun from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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