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English definition of “excavate”

excavate

verb [I or T] uk   /ˈek.skə.veɪt/ us  
to remove earth that is covering very old objects buried in the ground in order to discover things about the past: Tintagel Castle is being excavated.ArchaeologyDigging to dig a hole or channel in the ground, especially with a machine: In tin mining today, workers excavate tunnels horizontally from a vertical shaft.Mining and quarryingDigging
excavation
noun [C or U] uk   /ˌeks.kəˈveɪ.ʃən/ us  
Excavation on the site is likely to continue for several years. She has taken part in several excavations of Roman settlements across Europe.Archaeology
(Definition of excavate from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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