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English definition of “faculty”

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faculty

noun uk   /ˈfæk.əl.ti/ us    /-t̬i/

faculty noun (ABILITY)

C1 [C usually plural] a natural ability to hear, see, think, move, etc.: Even at the age of 100, she still had all her faculties. Is he in command/possession of all his faculties (= can he still hear, speak, see, and think clearly)? [C] a special ability to do a particular thing: She has a faculty for inspiring confidence in people. Studying has certainly sharpened my critical faculties (= taught me to think carefully about things using my judgment).
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faculty noun (IN A COLLEGE)

C1 [C] a group of departments in a college that specialize in a particular subject or group of subjects: the Psychology/Law Faculty UK the Faculty of ScienceB2 [C or S] US the people who teach in a department in a college: He has been a faculty memberat the college for 20 years.
(Definition of faculty from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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