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English definition of “give”

give

verb uk   /ɡɪv/ (gave, given) us  

give verb (PROVIDE)

A1 [I or T] to offer something to someone, or to provide someone with something: [+ two objects] She gave us a set of saucepans as a wedding present. Can you give me a date for another appointment? They never gave me a chance/choice. Has the director given you permission to do that? [+ adv/prep] We always try to give to charity. We're collecting for the children's home - please give generously. The police gave (out) road-safety booklets to the children (= gave them to all the children). Please give (up) your seat to an elderly or disabled person if they require it.Giving, providing and supplying B1 [T] to pay someone a particular amount: I gave £40 for this pump and it's broken already!Paying and spending money give of your money, time, etc. formal to give your money, time, or best efforts, especially in a way that seems generous: We're very grateful to all the people who have given of their time.UK She wasn't feeling well, so I don't think she gave of her best tonight.Giving, providing and supplying give (sth) your all (US also give (sth)your best) old-fashioned to put a lot of effort into doing something: We must be finished by tonight, so I want you to give it your all.Trying and making an effortEffort and expending energy A2 [T] to tell someone something: The winner's name was given (out)/They gave the winner's name (out) on the news. [+ two objects] Can you give Jo a message for me?Announcing, informing and stating [T] to punish someone by sending them to prison for a particular period: [+ two objects] If you're found guilty, they'll give you three years.Putting people in prison B1 [T] to allow a person or activity a particular amount of time: [+ two objects] I'm nearly ready - just give me a couple of minutes.Allowing and permitting [T] informal to calculate that something will last a particular amount of time: [+ two objects] Look at that old car she's bought - I give it two weeks before it breaks down.Predicting things and intuition

give verb (CAUSE)

B1 [T] to produce or cause something: [+ two objects] The fresh air gave us an appetite (= made us hungry). What you said has given me an idea. The alarm gave (out) a high-pitched sound.Creating and producingInventing, designing and innovation give sb to understand sth formal to tell someone something or cause someone to think that something is true: I was given to understand she was staying at this hotel.Defining and explaining

give verb (DO)

A2 [T] to perform an action: [+ two objects] She gave me a smile/strange look. They had to give the car a push to start it. Give me a call/ring (= phone me) when you get back from holiday. Who is giving the speech/lecture/concert?Acting and actsDealing with things or people A2 [T] to organize a party, meal, etc.: They're always giving parties. The ambassador is giving a banquet for the visiting president.Managing and organizing give sth a go to attempt something: Only a few people are successful as sports professionals, but it's worth giving it a go.Trying and making an effortEffort and expending energy [T + two objects] formal to say publicly that everyone present at a formal occasion, especially a meal, should drink a toast to someone (= have a drink in honour of someone): Gentlemen, I give you the Queen!Drinking alcohol

give verb (STRETCH)

[I] If something gives, it stretches, bends, or breaks, or becomes less firm or tight, under pressure: The rope gave under/with the weight of the load. The shoes will give a little after you've worn them once or twice.figurative You can't work so hard all the time - something will have to give (= change).figurative Suddenly her patience gave (out) and she shouted crossly at the children.Becoming biggerEnlarging and inflating

give verb (DECIDE)

[T + obj + adj ] UK in some sports, to decide and state officially that a player or the ball is in a particular condition or place: The umpire gave the batsman out. The ball was clearly out, but the line judge gave it in.Announcing, informing and stating

give

noun [U] uk   /ɡɪv/ us  
the quality of stretching, bending, or breaking, or becoming less firm or tight, under pressure: A sweater knitted in pure cotton hasn't much give (= will not stretch much).Flexible, loose and yielding
(Definition of give from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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