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English definition of “interrogative”

interrogative

noun     /ˌɪn.təˈrɒɡ.ə.tɪv/ US  /-t̬əˈrɑː.ɡə.t̬ɪv/ specialized
[C] a word or sentence used when asking a question : 'Who' and 'why' are interrogatives.Grammatical termsQuestion words and expressions the interrogative the form of a sentence that is used for asking questions Grammatical termsQuestion words and expressions Grammar:Clause typesThere are four basic types of main clause: declaratives (statements), interrogatives (questions), imperatives (orders/instructions) and exclamatives (used for exclamations).Grammar:Declarative clausesDeclarative clauses most commonly function as statements. The usual word order is subject (s) + verb (v) + x. Declaratives can be affirmative or negative. They make statements about how things are and how they are not.Grammar:Interrogative clausesInterrogative clauses most commonly function as questions. The usual word order is (wh-word) + auxiliary/modal verb (aux/m) + subject + verb + x:Grammar:Imperative clausesImperative clauses most commonly function as commands, instructions or orders. The usual word order is verb + x. We do not usually include the subject in an imperative clause. We use the base form of the verb:Grammar:Exclamative clausesExclamative clauses usually have one of the following word orders:Grammar:Questions: interrogative pronouns (what, who)We use interrogative pronouns to ask questions. They are: who, which, whom, what and whose. These are also known as wh-words. Questions using these are called wh-questions:Grammar:Interrogative pronouns: usesWe use who and whom on their own:
(Definition of interrogative noun from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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