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English definition of “itself”

itself

pronoun     /ɪtˈself/
A2 used when the subject of the verb is 'it' and the object is the same thing, animal , situation , or idea : The cat licked itself all over. You have to do something about the problem - it isn't just going to resolve itself.Reflexive forms B1 used to emphasize the subject when it is a thing, animal , situation , or idea : The shop itself (= only the shop and nothing else ) started 15 years ago but the mail order side of the business is new.Reflexive forms (all) by itself alone or without help : The animal had been left in the house by itself for a week . A cough will usually get better by itself. (all) to itself for its use only: The committee kept the results of the survey to itself (= did not tell anyone), fearing a bad public reaction . Grammar:Pronouns: reflexive (myself, themselves, etc.)Reflexive pronouns end in -self or -selves. They refer back to the subject forms of personal pronouns (underlined in the example below):Grammar:Reflexive pronouns for same subject and objectWe often use reflexive pronouns when the subject and the object of the verb refer to the same person or thing:Grammar:Reflexive pronouns for emphasisWe can use reflexive pronouns for emphasis:Grammar:Reflexive pronouns + by meaning aloneWe often use reflexive pronouns with by to mean ‘alone’ or ‘without any help’:Grammar:Reflexive pronouns for politenessWe sometimes use reflexive pronouns instead of personal pronouns for politeness, but not as the subject of a clause:
(Definition of itself pronoun from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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