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English definition of “mitigating”

mitigating

adjective     /ˈmɪt.ɪ.ɡeɪ.tɪŋ/ US  /ˈmɪt̬.ɪ.ɡeɪ.t̬ɪŋ/
formal making something less harmful , unpleasant , or bad : Are there any mitigating circumstances / factors which might help explain her appalling behaviour ? → Compare unmitigatedUseful or advantageous specialized law causing you to judge a crime to be less serious or to make the punishment less severe : The jury must take into account any mitigating circumstances presented by the defence , such as previous good character .Useful or advantageous mitigation     /ˌmɪt.ɪˈɡeɪ.ʃən/ US  /ˌmɪt̬-/ noun [U] formal "I was very young at the time ," he said in mitigation.Reasons and explanations
(Definition of mitigating adjective from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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