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English definition of “much”

much

determiner     /mʌtʃ/ (more, most)
A1 a large amount or to a large degree : I don't earn much money . You haven't said much, Joan - what do you think ? I like her very much. I don't think there's much to be gained by catching an earlier train . The children never eat (very) much, but they seem quite healthy . "Is there any wine left ?" "Not much." There's not/nothing much to do around here. How much (= what amount of) sugar do you take in your coffee ? How much do these shoes cost ? I spend too much on clothes . I don't have as much time as (= I have less time than) I would like for visiting my friends . Because of the rain , we weren't able to spend much of the day on the beach . Have you seen / heard much of Polly (= often seen or heard about her) recently ? I'd very much like to visit them sometime . One day I hope I'll be able to do as much (= the same amount ) for you as you've done for me. Things around here are much as always/ usual / ever (= have not changed a lot). The two schools are much the same (= very similar ). Much to our surprise , (= we were very surprised that) they accepted our offer . I'm not much good at knitting (= do not do it very well). This is a much (= often) discussed issue . Brian's become a much (= greatly ) changed person since his car accident . I've been feeling much healthier (= a lot more healthy ) since I became a vegetarian . The repairs to our car cost much more than we were expecting . I'm very much aware of the problem . She's much the best person for the job (= she is certainly better than everyone else ). I would much rather have my baby at home than in hospital . She is as much a friend to me as a mother (= although she is my mother , she is also a friend ).Large in number or quantity informal humorous used at the end of a sentence to emphasize what you have just said: When he saw all the food on my plate , he said " Hungry much?"Denying and contradicting much too much a far larger amount of something than you want or need: You've drunk much too much to drive .Large in number or quantity too much A2 more than someone can deal with: I can't take care of six children at my age - it's too much.Too much and unnecessary a bit much unreasonable and unfair : I think it's a bit much for you to expect me to do all the cleaning . And you had to work till eight? That's a bit much!Justice and fairness Grammar:Much, many, a lot of, lots of: quantifiersWe use the quantifiers much, many, a lot of, lots of to talk about quantities, amounts and degree. We can use them with a noun (as a determiner) or without a noun (as a pronoun).Grammar:Much, many with a nounWe use much with singular uncountable nouns and many with plural nouns:Grammar:A lot of, lots of with a nounWe use a lot of and lots of in informal styles. Lots of is more informal than a lot of. A lot of and lots of can both be used with plural countable nouns and with singular uncountable nouns for affirmatives, negatives, and questions:Grammar:Much, many, a lot of, lots of: negative questionsWhen we use much and many in negative questions, we are usually expecting that a large quantity of something isn’t there. When we use a lot of and lots of in negative questions, we are usually expecting a large quantity of something.Grammar:Much, many, a lot, lots: without a nounWe usually leave out the noun after much, many and a lot, lots when the noun is obvious:Grammar:Much with comparative adjectives and adverbs: much older, much fasterWe can use much before comparative adjectives and adverbs to make a stronger comparison:Grammar:Too much, too many and so much, so manyGrammar:As much as, as many asWhen we want to make comparisons connected with quantity, we use as much as and as many as:Grammar:Much, many and a lot of, lots of: typical errorsGrammar:Much, a lot, lots, a good deal: adverbsWe use much, a lot, lots and a good deal as adverbs to refer to frequency, quantity and degree.Grammar:MuchWe use much in questions and negative clauses to talk about degrees of something. We put it in end position:Grammar:A lot, a good deal and a great dealWe can use a lot, a good deal and a great deal as adverbs of frequency, quantity or degree:
(Definition of much determiner from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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