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English definition of “near”

near

adverb, preposition     /nɪər/ US  /nɪr/
A1 not far away in distance: Is there a train station near here? I'd like to sit near a window, please. Don't come too near me - you might catch my cold. The hotel is near the airport. Which bus stop is nearest (to) your house? I was standing just near enough to hear what they were saying.Closeness in distance and timeAbout to happen B2 not far away in time: As the date of his operation drew near, he became more and more anxious. Her birthday was getting nearer and I still hadn't bought her a present.UK We can decide which route to take nearer the time.Closeness in distance and timeAbout to happen C2 almost in a particular state, or condition: The runners looked near exhaustion. I was near (to) tears (= almost cried) at one point during the film.AlmostMerely and barely nowhere near C1 not close in distance, time, amount, or quality: The house was nowhere near the sea. It's nowhere near time for us to leave yet. I'm nowhere near finishing the book - I'm only half-way through it. He's nowhere near as tall as his sister.Distant in space and time near enough informal almost: They're the same age or near enough.Closeness in distance and timeAbout to happenAlmostMerely and barely Grammar:Near and near toNear and near to are prepositions. Near is also an adjective.See moreGrammar:Near and nearto as prepositionsThe preposition near (to) means ‘not far away in distance’. Near and near to mean the same, but near is more common:See moreGrammar:Near as an adjectiveIn formal contexts, we can use near as an adjective to refer to time with the phrase in the near future meaning ‘soon’. It is usually in end position:See more
(Definition of near adverbpreposition from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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