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English definition of “near”


adjective [before noun]     /nɪər/ US  /nɪr/
B1 not far away in distance , time , characteristics , or quality : Where's the nearest post office ? My pocket knife is the nearest thing (= the most similar thing) to a weapon that I have. I couldn't get any cream cheese so I bought the nearest equivalent (= the most similar thing) that I could find .Closeness in distance and timeAbout to happen UK Your near relatives are people who are closely related to you, such as your parents , brothers , or sisters .Family relations in general in the near future B2 at a time that is not far away: All our computer equipment will be replaced in the near future .In the future and soon Grammar:Near and near toNear and near to are prepositions. Near is also an adjective.Grammar:Near and nearto as prepositionsThe preposition near (to) means ‘not far away in distance’. Near and near to mean the same, but near is more common:Grammar:Near as an adjectiveIn formal contexts, we can use near as an adjective to refer to time with the phrase in the near future meaning ‘soon’. It is usually in end position:Grammar:Nearest or next?Nearest is the superlative form of near. It means ‘the closest in distance or time’: nearness     /-nəs/ noun [U] I bought my house because of its nearness to the office where I work .Closeness in distance and timeAbout to happen
(Definition of near adjective from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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