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English definition of “of”

of

preposition uk   weak /əv/ strong /ɒv/ us    /ɑːv/

of preposition (POSSESSION)

A1 used to show possession, belonging, or origin: a friend of mine the president of the United States employees of the company the colour of his hair a habit of mine that revolting dog of hers the love of a good woman the complete plays of (= written by) Lorca

of preposition (AMOUNT)

A1 used after words or phrases expressing amount, number, or a particular unit: a kilo of apples loads of food hundreds of people most of them none of them both of us a third of all people a speck of dust a drop of rain

of preposition (CONTAINING)

A1 containing: a bag of sweets a bottle of beer a book of short stories sacks of rubbish a class of idiots

of preposition (POSITION)

A2 used in expressions showing position: the top of his head the back of your dress on the corner of the street the front of the queue I've never been north of Edinburgh.

of preposition (TYPICAL)

typical or characteristic of: She has the face of an angel. That man's got the brain of a donkey!

of preposition (DAYS)

A1 used to refer to a particular date in a month: the eleventh of March the first of the month

of preposition (MADE OF)

made or consisting of; having: dresses of lace and silk plates of gold and silver a land of ice and snow a woman of great charm a subject of very little interest

of preposition (WITH ADJECTIVES/VERBS)

used to connect particular adjectives and verbs with nouns: fond of swimming sick of his excuses frightened of spiders

of preposition (JUDGMENT)

B2 used after an adjective when judging someone's behaviour: It was a bit unkind of you to mention her weight. Thank you so much for my present. How thoughtful of you.

of preposition (RELATING TO)

C1 about; relating to: Speaking of Elizabeth, here she is. One of the advantages of travelling by train is being able to read. Let us consider the events of the last five months. Of her childhood we know very little. And what of (= tell me about) young Adrian? How is he?

of preposition (THAT IS/ARE)

that is/are: the problem of homelessness a rise of two percent in inflation the skill of negotiating the difficulty of bringing up twins the pain of separation At the age of six she could read a newspaper.

of preposition (DONE TO)

done to: the massacre of hundreds of innocent people the oppression of a nation the destruction of the rain forest

of preposition (FELT BY)

felt or experienced by: the suffering of millions the anguish of the murdered child's parents

of preposition (THROUGH)

B1 through; having as the cause: He died of cancer. I didn't have to go there - I did it of my own free will. I want to know how it happened because it certainly didn't happen of itself.

of preposition (COMPARING)

A2 used when comparing related things: I liked the green one best of all . Worst of all was the food! He's the best looking of the three brothers. I think that of all his films it's my favourite.

of preposition (TIME)

US used in saying what the time is: It's ten (minutes) of five (= ten minutes before five o'clock).

of preposition (SEPARATE FROM)

used in expressions showing distance from something in place or time: We live within a mile of the city centre. She came within two seconds of beating the world record.

of preposition (LOSS)

used in expressions showing loss: They were robbed of all their savings. I feel I've been deprived of your company.

of preposition (DURING)

old-fashioned during: I like to relax with a pipe of an evening.
(Definition of of from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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