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English definition of “over”

over

preposition uk   /ˈəʊ.vər/ us    /ˈoʊ.vɚ/

over preposition (HIGHER POSITION)

B1 above or higher than something else, sometimes so that one thing covers the other; above: The sign over the door said "Exit". She held the umbrella over both of us. Helicopters dropped leaflets over the city. I put my hands over my eyes/ears because I couldn't bear to watch/listen. I couldn't hear what she was saying over the noise of the planes taking off (= the aircraft were louder than her voice).

over preposition (COVERING)

A2 in a position that is covering something: Put a clean cloth over the cakes while they cool. I put a shawl over my shoulders.

over preposition (ACROSS)

B1 across from one side to the other, especially by going up and then down: She jumped over the gate. The road goes over the mountains, not through a tunnel. She is always chatting with her neighbour over the garden wall. From the top of the tower you could see for miles over the city. Tanks travel over the most difficult ground.

over preposition (FALLING)

falling down from somewhere: The coin rolled over the edge of the table. Harold jumped out of the car just before it went over the cliff. falling because of stepping on something: She tripped over the rug.

over preposition (MORE THAN)

A2 more than: Most of the carpets cost/are over £100. Children over the age of twelve (= older than twelve) must pay the full price. I value quality of life over money. A2 increasing to further than a particular limit or point: They are already $25 million over budget. over and above in addition to: They receive extra money over and above the usual welfare payments.

over preposition (OTHER SIDE)

B1 on the other side of: There's a pub over the road we could go to. The story continues over the page.

over preposition (CONNECTED WITH)

C2 (referring to a cause of interest, worry, discussion, etc.) connected with or about: There's no point in arguing over something so unimportant. I need time to talk/think over your proposal (= to discuss/consider it carefully). The legal battle was over who should have custody of the child.

over preposition (DURING)

B1 during something, or while doing something: I was in Seattle over the summer. Shall we discuss it over lunch/over a drink? They took/spent an hour over lunch (= their meal lasted an hour). It's fascinating to watch how a baby changes and develops over time (= as time passes).

over preposition (FEELING BETTER)

be/get over sth to feel physically or mentally better after an illness or an upsetting experience: It takes you a while to get over an illness like that. His girlfriend finished with him last year and he's not over her yet. He's not fully recovered, but he's over the worst (= has experienced the worst stage of the illness and is now improving).

over preposition (CONTROL)

C2 in control of or teaching someone or something: A good teacher has an easy authority over a class. She's a sales manager but she has a regional sales director over (= with a higher rank than) her. The victory over the French at Waterloo was Wellington's greatest triumph.

over preposition (USING)

B2 using: They spoke over the phone. We heard the news over the radio.

over preposition (MATHS)

sometimes used when talking about a calculation in which one number is divided by another number: 40 over 7 is roughly 6.

over

adverb uk   /ˈəʊ.vər/ us    /ˈoʊ.vɚ/

over adverb (DOWN)

from a higher to a lower position; down: The little boy fell over and started to cry. He was run/knocked over by a taxi.

over adverb (ACROSS)

B1 across; from one side or place to another: She leaned over and kissed me. A fighter plane flew over. Why don't you come over (= come to my house) for dinner on Thursday? I've got a friend over from Canada this week (= a friend came from Canada and is staying with me). Now we're going over to (= there will be a broadcast from) Wembley for commentary on the Cup Final. Come over here - it's warmer. Who's that man over there? B2 describes the way an object moves or is moved so that a different part of it is facing up: She turned another page over. The dog rolled over onto its back. The children rolled over and over (= turned over many times) down the gentle slope. changing or exchanging position: Would you mind changing/swapping those plates over? She changed over to editing from marketing. Why should we hand over the money to them? I've done all I can - now it's over to you (= it's your turn to take action).

over adverb (HIGHER POSITION)

above or higher than something else, sometimes so that one thing covers the other: A fighter plane flew over. A man came to paint over (= cover with paint) the cracks in the wall.

over adverb (MORE THAN)

A2 more than a particular amount or level: People who are 65 years old and over can get half-price tickets.

over adverb (FINISHED)

B1 (especially of an event) finished: I'll be glad when the competition is over. I used to have a thriving business and a happy marriage, but that's all over now. over and done with C2 completely finished: She gets unpleasant tasks over and done with as quickly as possible.

over adverb (EXTRA)

extra; not used: I have some American dollars left over from the last time I was there.UK When all the guests had gone, we realized there was lots of food over.

over adverb (AGAIN)

US again or repeatedly: You've ruined it - now I'll have to do it over!

over adverb (FINISHED TALKING)

said when you are talking to someone by radio, to mean that you have finished speaking and will wait for their answer: "This is flight 595X. Do you read me? Over." over and out said when you are talking to someone by radio in order to end the conversation: "Thank you, control tower. Over and out."

over

noun [C] uk   /ˈəʊ.vər/ us    /ˈoʊ.vɚ/
(in cricket) a set of six bowls (= throws) from the same end of the field
(Definition of over preposition, adverb, noun from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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