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English definition of “overtake”

overtake

verb uk   /ˌəʊ.vəˈteɪk/ us    /ˌoʊ.vɚ-/ (overtook, overtaken)

overtake verb (GO PAST)

C1 [T] to go past something by being a greater amount or degree: Our US sales have now overtaken our sales in Europe. We'd planned to hold a meeting tomorrow, but events have overtaken us (= things have changed).Surpassing in quality or number B2 [I or T] UK (US pass) to come from behind another vehicle or a person and move in front of them: Always check your rear view mirror before you overtake (another car).Driving and operating road vehicles

overtake verb (HAPPEN)

[T] to happen to a person or a place suddenly and unexpectedly: The family was overtaken by tragedy several years ago, and they still haven't recovered.Surprising and shockingMaking people sad, shocked and upset
(Definition of overtake from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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