passive definition, meaning - what is passive in the British English Dictionary & Thesaurus - Cambridge Dictionaries Online

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English definition of “passive”

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passive

adjective uk   us   /ˈpæs.ɪv/

passive adjective (BEHAVIOUR)

B2 often disapproving not acting to influence or change a situation; allowing other people to be in control: He's very passive in the relationship. Traditionally in the church women have been confined to more passive roles.
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passive adjective (GRAMMAR)

B1 specialized language The passive form of a verb is when the grammatical subject is the person or thing that experiences the effect of an action, rather than the person or thing that causes the effect: 'He was released from prison' is a passive sentence. In the sentence "He was hit by the ball", "was hit" is in the passive voice.
passively
adverb uk   us   /-li/
He tends to wait passively for his boss to tell him what to do.
Grammar

passive

noun [S] uk   us   /ˈpæs.ɪv/ specialized
the passive B1 the form of a verb used when the grammatical subject is the person or thing that experiences the effect of an action, rather than the person or thing which causes the effect: When changed into the passive, "The dog chased the cat" becomes "The cat was chased by the dog".
Grammar
(Definition of passive from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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