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English definition of “penalize”

penalize

verb [T] (CAUSE DISADVANTAGE) (UK usually penalise)     /ˈpiː.nə.laɪz/
to cause someone a disadvantage: The present tax system penalizes poor people. The scheme should ensure that borrowers are not penalized by sudden rises in mortgage rates.Advantage and disadvantage
(Definition of penalize verb (CAUSE DISADVANTAGE) from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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