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English definition of “punish”

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punish

verb [T] uk   /ˈpʌn.ɪʃ/ us  

punish verb [T] (CRIME)

B1 to cause someone who has done something wrong or committed a crime to suffer, by hurting them, forcing them to pay money, sending them to prison, etc.: Those responsible for these crimes must be brought to court and punished. He punished the class by giving them extra work. The oil company was found guilty on ten counts of pollution, and was punished with a $250 million fine.
See also
to punish anyone who commits a particular crime: Drunken driving can be punished with a prison sentence.
More examples

punish verb [T] (TREAT BADLY)

to use or treat something badly, violently, or without care: He really punishes that horse of his.
Translations of “punish”
in Korean 벌주다, 처벌하다…
in Arabic يُعاقِب…
in French punir…
in Turkish cezalandırmak, ceza vermek…
in Italian punire…
in Chinese (Traditional) 犯罪, 懲罰, 懲處(犯罪行為)…
in Russian наказывать…
in Polish karać…
in Spanish castigar…
in Portuguese punir…
in German bestrafen…
in Catalan castigar…
in Japanese ~を罰する, こらしめる, ~に罰を与える…
in Chinese (Simplified) 犯罪, 惩罚, 惩处(犯罪行为)…
(Definition of punish from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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