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English definition of “realism”

realism

noun [U] uk   /ˈrɪə.lɪ.zəm/ us    /ˈriː.ə-/

realism noun [U] (THOUGHT)

a way of thinking and acting based on facts and what is possible, rather than on hopes for things that are unlikely to happen: His decision not to expand the business shows his down-to-earth realism.
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Wise and sensible
specialized science, social science in science and philosophy, the belief that objects continue to exist in the world even when no one is there to see themPhilosophy

realism noun [U] (ART)

specialized art, literature, theatre & film paintings, films, books, etc. that try to represent life as it really is: The anti-drugs adverts used handheld camera techniques to add to the gritty realism of the situations.Representation in art and in general
(Definition of realism from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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