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English definition of “realism”

realism

noun [U] uk   /ˈrɪə.lɪ.zəm/ us    /ˈriː.ə-/

realism noun [U] (THOUGHT)

a way of thinking and acting based on facts and what is possible, rather than on hopes for things that are unlikely to happen: His decision not to expand the business shows his down-to-earth realism.
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specialized science, social science in science and philosophy, the belief that objects continue to exist in the world even when no one is there to see them

realism noun [U] (ART)

specialized art, literature, theatre & film paintings, films, books, etc. that try to represent life as it really is: The anti-drugs adverts used handheld camera techniques to add to the gritty realism of the situations.
(Definition of realism from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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