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English definition of “run”

run

verb uk   /rʌn/ (present participle running, past tense ran, past participle run) us  

run verb (GO QUICKLY)

A1 [I or T] (of people and some animals) to move along, faster than walking, by taking quick steps in which each foot is lifted before the next foot touches the ground: [+ to infinitive] The children had to run to keep up with their father. I can run a mile in five minutes. The sheep ran away/off in fright. A little girl ran up to (= came quickly beside) me, crying for her daddy. Are you running against each other or against the clock? The first two races will be run (off) (= will happen) in 20 minutes.Moving quickly [T] If you run an animal in a race, you cause it to take part: Thompson Stables are running three horses in the next race.Competing in sportCompeting and contending (non-sporting) [I + adv/prep] to go quickly or in a hurry: Would you run round to the post office and get me some stamps? You don't put on weight when you spend all day running round after small children.Moving quickly run for sth to run fast in order to get or avoid something: I ran for the bus but it drove off.Running away and escaping run on the spot to move your legs as if running, while you stay in one place: I run on the spot to warm up before I start training.Exercising and training

run verb (TRAVEL)

B2 [I or T, usually + adv/prep] to (cause something to) travel, move, or continue in a particular way: Trains are still running, despite the snow. A bus runs (= goes on a particular route at particular times) three times a day into town. Skis are waxed on the bottom so that they run smoothly over the snow. The route/railway/road runs (= goes) across the border/into Italy/through the mountains. A climbing rose bush runs (= grows) around the front door. There's a beautiful cornice running around/round all the ceilings. The film runs (= lasts) for two hours. The show/course/film runs (= continues) for another week. A magazine subscription usually only runs (= can be used) for one year. Buses are running an hour late, because of an earlier accident. The truck's brakes failed and it ran (= went) off the road. Trains run on rails (= move along on top of them). Electricity is running through (= moving along within) this cable. An angry muttering ran through (= went through) the crowd. A shiver of fear ran through his (body). She ran her finger along/down the page/list, looking for her name. Could you run the tape/film/video back/forwards, please? Could you possibly run me (= take me in your car) home/to the station? He ran (= pushed) his fingers through his hair and looked up at me.Advancing and moving forwardContinue and last

run verb (OPERATE)

B2 [I or T] to (cause something to) operate: Keep clear of the machines while they're running. The government took desperate measures to keep the economy running. Do you know how to run this sort of machinery? The mechanic asked me to run the engine (= switch it on and allow it to work) for a minute. They had the new computer system up and running (= working) within an hour. We've run the computer program, but nothing happens. We're running (= doing) an experiment.FunctioningPerforming a function B1 [T] to be in control of something: He's been running a restaurant/his own company since he left school. The local college runs (= provides) a course in self-defence. a well-run/badly-run organization/business/courseManaging and organizing run a tight ship to control a business or other organization firmly and effectively: Ruth runs a tight ship and has no time for shirkers.Controlling and being in charge [T] If you run a car, you own one, drive it, and pay for the costs: I can't afford to run a car.Driving and operating road vehicles [T] to organize the way you live or work: Some people run their lives according to the movements of the stars.Managing and organizing

run verb (FLOW)

B2 [I or T] to (cause something to) flow, produce liquid, or (especially of colours in clothes) to come out or spread: I can feel trickles of sweat running down my neck. Don't cry, or your make-up will run (= become liquid and move down your face). The walls were running with damp. The river runs (down) to/into the sea. The hot tap is running cold (= producing cold water)! I turned the tap on and ran some cold water on the burn. [+ two objects] I'll run you a hot bath (= fill a bath with water for you). My nose and eyes have been running all week because of hay fever. I must have washed my dress at too high a temperature, because the colour has run. If the first layer isn't dry before you add the next one, the colours will run into each other (= mix).figurative After twelve hours at her word processor, the words began to run into one another (= seem mixed together).Movement of liquidsColour - general words

run verb (BECOME)

[L only + adj] to be or become: Differences between the two sides run deep (= are serious). The river/reservoir/well ran dry (= its supply of water finished). Supplies are running low (= there's not much left). We're beginning to run short of money/Money is beginning to run short (= there's not much left).Existing and being

run verb (HOLE)

[I] If tights (= thin clothing that covers the legs) run, a long, thin hole appears in them: Oh no, my tights have run!Tearing and breaking into pieces

run verb (SHOW)

C1 [T] to show something in a newspaper or magazine, on television, etc.: All the newspapers ran (= printed) stories about the new peace talks. Channel 4 is running a series on the unfairness of the legal system.Newspapers and magazinesBroadcasting in general [I] Indian English If a film is running at a particular place, you can see it there: What's running at the the Metro this week?

run verb (POLITICS)

[I] to compete as a candidate in an election: Mrs Thatcher wanted to run a fourth time. He's going to run against Smith/for president/for re-election.Elections

run verb (TAKE)

[T] to take guns or drugs illegally from one place to another: He was arrested for running drugs across the border into America.Trafficking and racketeering

run

noun uk   /rʌn/ us  

run noun (GO QUICKLY)

B1 [C] the action of running, especially for exercise: We go for/do a three-mile run every evening after work. If you set off at a run (= running), you'll be exhausted later.Moving quickly

run noun (TRAVEL)

[C] a journey: The number of aircraft on the New York-Moscow run is being increased.old-fashioned Let's go for a run (out) in the car somewhere. The plane swooped in on its bombing run.Journeys [C] the period during which a play is performed: The musical's London run was a disaster. They're doing a run at the Cambridge Playhouse.Spectacles and performances

run noun (BUY)

[C usually singular] a situation in which many people suddenly buy a particular product: There's been a run on umbrellas because of all this rain.Buying

run noun (SELL)

[C usually singular] a situation in which many people suddenly sell a particular product: A sudden run on the dollar has lowered its value.Selling

run noun (SERIES)

a run of sth C2 A run of something is a continuous period during which it lasts or is repeated: a run of successes/defeats/bad luckOrder and sequenceSimultaneous and consecutivePeriods of time - general words

run noun (ORDINARY)

the general/usual run of sth the usual type of something: Their food is the general run of hotel cooking.Categories and varietiesSpecies and genders

run noun (AREA)

[C] an area of ground of limited size for keeping animals: a sheep/chicken/hen runAnimal Dwellings - man-madeAnimal dwellings - natural

run noun (POINT)

B2 [C] in cricket and baseball, a single point, scored by running from one place to another: England need 105 runs to win the game. a home runCricketGeneral terms used in ball sportsBaseball and roundersGeneral terms used in ball sports

run noun (HOLE)

[C] a long, vertical hole in tights and stockings: I've got a run in my tights from the nail on my chair.Holes, hollows and dipsTearing and breaking into pieces

run noun (ILLNESS)

the runs informal a condition of the bowels in which the contents are passed out of the body too often and in a form that is too liquid
Synonym
Digestive disorders
(Definition of run from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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