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English definition of “sanction”

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sanction

noun uk   /ˈsæŋk.ʃən/ us  

sanction noun (ORDER)

[C usually plural] an official order, such as the stopping of trade, that is taken against a country in order to make it obey international law: Many nations have imposed sanctions on the country because of its attacks on its own people. Trade/economic sanctions will only be lifted (= stopped) when the aggressor nation withdraws its troops.C2 [C] a strong action taken in order to make people obey a law or rule, or a punishment given when they do not obey: Without realistic sanctions, some teachers have difficulty keeping order in the classroom.
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sanction noun (APPROVAL)

[U] approval or permission, especially formal or legal: They tried to get official sanction for the plans.

sanction

verb [T] uk   /ˈsæŋk.ʃən/ us  
to formally give permission for something: The government was reluctant to sanction intervention in the crisis.
(Definition of sanction from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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