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English definition of “scratch”

scratch

verb uk   /skrætʃ/ us  

scratch verb (CUT)

B2 [I or T] to cut or damage a surface or your skin slightly with or on something sharp or rough: We scratched the paintwork trying to get the bed into Martha's room. Be careful not to scratch yourself on the roses. A few chickens were scratching about/around (= searching with their beaks) in the yard for grain.Cutting and stabbing B2 [T] If you scratch something on or off a surface, you add it or remove it by scratching: People have been scratching their names on this rock for years. I'm afraid I scratched some paint off the door as I was getting out of the car.Cutting and stabbing B2 [I] If an animal scratches, it rubs something with its claws (= sharp nails): The dog's scratching at the door - he wants to be let in.Animal (non-human) behaviourScratching and rubbing B2 [I or T] to rub your skin with your nails: He was scratching (at) his mosquito bites. Hannah scratched her head thoughtfully.Scratching and rubbing

scratch verb (REMOVE)

[I or T] to remove yourself or another person or an animal from a competition before the start: The world champion scratched from the 800 metres after falling ill three hours earlier. They scratched the horse from the race because she had become lame.Removing and extractingScoring, winning and losing in sportWinning and defeatingLosing and being defeated

scratch

noun uk   /skrætʃ/ us  
B2 [C] a mark made by scratching: Her legs were covered in scratches and bruises after her walk through the forest. There was a scratch on the CD. Amazingly, he survived the accident without a scratch (= without suffering any injuries at all).Cutting and stabbing [S] an act of scratching: That dog is having a good scratch. It must have fleas.Scratching and rubbing

scratch

adjective uk   /skrætʃ/ UK us  
scratch team/side/orchestra a group of people brought together in a hurry in order to play together on a particular occasionTemporaryShort in timeGroups of peopleCompetitors and participants in sports and games
(Definition of scratch from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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