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English definition of “shaft”

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shaft

noun [C] uk   /ʃɑːft/ us    /ʃæft/

shaft noun [C] (LONG OBJECT)

a pole or rod that forms the handle of a tool or weapon: the shaft of a golf club a rod forming part of a machine such as an engine, that turns in order to pass power on to the machine: the drive shaft of a car the propeller shaft of an aircraft
See also
specialized medical the part of the hair above the scalp specialized medical a long structure like a stem in the bodyshaft of light a beam of light: A shaft of (sun)light came through the open door.

shaft noun [C] (PASSAGE)

a long, either vertical or sloping, passage through a building or through the ground: a lift ( US an elevator) shaft a ventilation/air shaft a well shaft

shaft noun [C] (REMARK)

literary a clever remark, especially one that is intended as an attack on someone or something: John came out with an unexpected shaft of wit/wisdom.

shaft noun [C] (TREATMENT)

the shaft US informal unfair treatment: After years of loyal service, his boss gave him the shaft by firing him just before he would have qualified for a pension.

shaft

verb [T] uk   /ʃɑːft/ us    /ʃæft/ informal
to cheat or trick someone, or to treat someone unfairly: She was shafted by her agent over the film rights to her book.
(Definition of shaft from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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