Cambridge Dictionaries online Cambridge Dictionaries online

The most popular online dictionary and thesaurus for learners of English

  

English definition of “shall”

shall

modal verb (FUTURE)    strong /ʃæl/ weak /ʃəl/ old-fashioned
B1 used instead of "will" when the subject is "I" or "we": If you do that one more time , I shall be very cross . I shall never forget you. I'm afraid I shall not/shan't be able to come to your party .formal I shall look forward to meeting you next week . So we'll see you at the weekend , shall we (= is that right )? We shall (= intend to) let you know as soon as there's any news . Grammar:Will and shall: formWill and shall are modal verbs. They are used with the base form of the main verb (They will go; I shall ask her). Shall is only used for future time reference with I and we, and is more formal than will.Grammar:Will and shall: usesGrammar:ShallGrammar:Shall: formsGrammar:Shall: usesGrammar:Shall: typical error
(Definition of shall modal verb (FUTURE) from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
Focus on the pronunciation of shall

Definitions of “shall” in other dictionaries

Word of the Day

cookery

the skill or activity of preparing and cooking food

Word of the Day

Blog

Read our blog about how the English language behaves.

Learn More

New Words

Find words and meanings that have just started to be used in English, and let us know what you think of them.

Learn More