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English definition of “shock”

shock

noun uk   /ʃɒk/ us    /ʃɑːk/

shock noun (SURPRISE)

B1 [C or U] (the emotional or physical reaction to) a sudden, unexpected, and usually unpleasant event or experience: Her mother's death came as a great shock - it was so unexpected. It was such a loud crash - it gave me/I got quite a shock. It was a shock to see her looking so ill. I was in (a state of) shock for about two weeks after the accident.UK The French suffered a shock defeat (= completely unexpected defeat) by the Italian side at the weekend.Surprising and shockingMaking people sad, shocked and upsetMaking people sad, shocked and upset a shock to the system an unpleasant feeling that you experience when something new or unusual happens: It's really hard getting back to work after three months off - it's quite a shock to the system.Difficult situations and unpleasant experiencesAccidents and disasters

shock noun (ELECTRICITY)

C2 [C] an electric shock: Ow! - I got a shock from that lamp!Electricity and electronics

shock noun (ILLNESS)

[U] a medical condition caused by severe injury, pain, loss of blood, or fear that slows down the flow of blood around the body: Several passengers from the wrecked vehicle were taken to hospital suffering from shock.Disorders and diseases of the heart and blood

shock noun (DAMAGING EFFECT)

C2 [U] the effect of one object violently hitting another, which might cause damage or a slight movement: For running on hard roads, you need shoes with extra cushioning to absorb (= reduce) the shock.Energy, force and powerPower and intensity

shock noun (OFFENDED)

[U] a feeling of being offended or upset by something you consider wrong or unacceptable: You should have seen the look of shock on her face when he started swearing!Feelings of surprise and amazement

shock noun (HAIR)

[S] a large and noticeable mass of hair: She's got a shock of bright red hair.Hair

shock

verb [I or T] uk   /ʃɒk/ us    /ʃɑːk/

shock verb [I or T] (OFFEND)

B2 to offend or upset someone by doing or saying something that they consider is immoral or unacceptable: The advertisements were designed to shock - that was the whole point of the campaign. [+ obj + to infinitive ] I think it shocks him to hear women talking about sex.Making people sad, shocked and upset

shock verb [I or T] (SURPRISE)

B2 to make someone feel upset or surprised: The photographs of starving children shocked people into giving money. The news of the accident shocked the family deeply.Making people sad, shocked and upsetSurprising and shockingMaking people sad, shocked and upset
shockable
adjective uk   /ˈʃɒk.ə.bl̩/ us    /ˈʃɑː.kə-/
I have to be careful what I say to my mother - she's very shockable (= easily offended).Becoming too excited and easily upset
shocked
adjective uk   /ʃɒkt/ us    /ʃɑːkt/
B1 After his announcement, there was a shocked silence. [+ to infinitive] We were shocked to see smoke pouring out of the roof.Surprised
(Definition of shock from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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