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English definition of “short”

short

adjective uk   /ʃɔːt/ us    /ʃɔːrt/

short adjective (DISTANCE)

A1 small in length, distance, or height: a short skirt Her hair is much shorter than it used to be. It's only a short walk to the station. I'm quite short but my brother's very tall. B2 describes a name that is used as a shorter form of a name: Her name's Jo - it's short for Josephine. Her name's Josephine, or Jo for short.

short adjective (TIME)

A1 being an amount of time that is less than average or usual: a short film/visit He's grown so much in such a short time. I work much better if I take a short break every hour or so. A2 describes books, letters, and other examples of writing that do not contain many words and do not take much time to read: It's a very short book - you'll read it in an hour.

short adjective (LACKING)

be short (of sth) B1 to not have enough of something: to be short of space/time We're a bit short of coffee - I must get some more. The bill comes to £85, but we're £15 short. I'm a little short (= I do not have much money) this week - could you lend me ten dollars? short of breath unable to breathe very well, for example because you have been running or doing some type of energetic exercise: She's always short of breath when she climbs the stairs. be in short supply to be few or not enough in number: Computers are in rather short supply in this office. go short mainly UK to not have something, especially when it is something you need in order to live: My parents didn't have much money, but they made sure we didn't go short (of anything).

short adjective (NOT PATIENT)

[after verb] saying little but showing slight impatience or anger in the few words that you say: I'm sorry if I was a bit short with you on the phone this morning.
shortness
noun [U] uk   /ˈʃɔːt.nəs/ us    /ˈʃɔːrt-/
shortness of time The disease may cause sweating, nausea, vomiting, and shortness of breath (= difficulties in breathing).

short

noun [C] uk   /ʃɔːt/ us    /ʃɔːrt/

short noun [C] (DRINK)

UK informal a drink of spirits (= type of strong alcohol) without water or any other liquid added: She only drinks shorts, never wine or beer.

short noun [C] (FILM)

a short film, especially one made for showing before the main film at a cinema

short noun [C] (ELECTRICITY)

informal for short circuit

short

verb [I or T] uk   /ʃɔːt/ us    /ʃɔːrt/
informal for short-circuit (short circuit): The plumber's shorted the electric shower.

short

adverb uk   /ʃɔːt/ us    /ʃɔːrt/
before the arranged or expected time or place: We wanted to explain the plans fully, but the chairman stopped us short, as there were other important matters to discuss.
(Definition of short adjective, noun, verb, adverb from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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