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English definition of “shortening”

shortening

noun [U] uk   /ˈʃɔː.tən.ɪŋ/ us    /ˈʃɔːrt.nɪŋ/ US
butter or other fat that is used in cooking, especially to make pastry soft and crumbly (= easily broken)Fats and oils in food and cooking
(Definition of shortening from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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